FWAG.org - Fish Wildlife and Game

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is a federal government agency dedicated to the management and control of fish, national habitats, and other wildlife and. Headquartered in Washington, D.C., the USFWS has 8 regional offices, close to 700 field offices, and over 9,000 employees. With its stated mission being "working with others to conserve, protect and enhance fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats for the continued benefit of the American people," the USFWS is an important U.S. institution.


Founded by Congress in 1871 under the name the United States Commission on Fish and Fisheries (USCFF), the organization's created purpose was to study and recommend solutions to a noted decline in the stocks of fish. In 1903 the USCFF changed to being the United States Bureau of Fisheries. The USCFF was just one of the many organizations dedicated to wildlife conservation created between 1870 and 1940. Another organization was the Division of Economic Ornithology and Mammalogy (DEOM), founded in 1885. In 1896, the DEOM became the Division of Biologic Survey (DBS), and its early work focused on the effect of birds in controlling agricultural pests and mapping the geographical distribution of plants and animals in the U.S.



By the 1930s, Congress was realizing more the importance of wildlife conservation, with the passage of the Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act (FWCA) in 1934, one of the oldest federal environmental review statutes. That same year the DBS became the Bureau of Biological Survey (BBS), and in 1940 the BBS combined with the United States Bureau of Fisheries to become the new United States Fish and Wildlife Service, as it is known today Vacuum Sealer Reviews. The newly combined organization also moved to being under the directorship of the Department of the Interior at this time.



Since then, the USFWS has exercised jurisdiction over the enforcement of wildlife laws, managing migratory birds, protecting species considered endangered, and restoring fisheries that are nationally significant. Not only that, the agency also assists foreign governments with some of their conservation efforts iPhone repair. As a federal agency, the USFWS is use its Wildlife Sport Fish and Restoration program to financially assist states' fish and wildlife agencies.



Much of the fish and wildlife habitat the USFSW oversees is on federal lands, including six national monuments. These monuments are the Hanford Reach National Monument (Washington state), Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (Hawaii), World War Two Valor in the Pacific National Monument (Hawaii), Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument (Central Pacific Ocean), Rose Atoll Marine National Monument (American Samoa), and the Marianas Trench Marine National Monument (Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and Guam). However, the majority of fish and wildlife habitat is on non-federal land, meaning that the USFWS must work closely with private groups such as Partners in Flight, The Partners for Fish and Wildlife, and the Sport Fishing and Boating Partnership Council, among others. With these alliances, the USFWS and its partners are able to assist voluntary habitat conservation and restoration.



The USFWS has had controversial methods, inspiring the Tom Lehrer song "Poisoning Pigeons in the Park," referring to the organization's Animal Control Program. While all its methods may not be completely sound, the USFWS is the main organization in the U.S. for wildlife management and conservation.